To the 75th Anniversary of the Great Victory “Irkutsk Evacuation Hospitals of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945

Irkutsk, Siberian Federal District, Russia
Est. 29.1km / 1 hr 33 mins / Map

To the 75th Anniversary of the Great Victory “Irkutsk Evacuation Hospitals of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945 - Cya On The Road

In the year of the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory Irkutsk Regional State Universal Scientific Library of I.I. Molchanov-Sibirski presents a virtual tour dedicated to Irkutsk Evacuation Hospitals during the years of the Great Patriotic War of the years 1941-1945. Irkutsk started the preparation to the possible war with Nazi Germany way beforehand. Irkutsk, as many other cities of the hinterland of the USSR, had to be ready to take wounded soldiers who would be transported from the front. In the years 1936-1940 there was a model project № 57 made by Narkompross. This project was called “school-hospital”. 10 typical schools were built under this project. In the war time conditions С 1936 по 1940 those school classes could be easily turned into wards, operating theaters, bandage rooms and other necessary facilities. More than 15 significant public facilities were turned into evacuation hospitals before the 28th of August, 1940. Not only Irkutsk buildings but nine more other towns and villages facilities were turned into hospitals. They were situated, namely, along the train stations of the Eastern-Siberia rail road, namely, at the stations of Zima, Nizhneudinsk, Tulun, Svirsk, Cheremkhovo, Usolye-Sibirskoe, Slyudyanka. With the beginning of the war actions on the USSR territory (on the 22nd of June, 1941), Military Council of the Zabaykalsky Military district defined the date for the premises to be ready for the first wounded soldiers. According to the Military district, on the 2nd of August, 1941, the facilities were ready and they started to take the first wounded. Irkutsk took them in the end of December, 1941. To the beginning of 1942, 28 hospitals were functioning in Irkutsk, they had the capacity to place 10400 patients. That capacity could be increased up to 11100 patients. Besides three spare hospitals were reserved. The first sanitary train with the wounded arrived in Irkutsk on the 13th of January, 1942. Several trains a week then started to arrive on an ordinary basis to Irkutsk. There was a sad saying among the doctors: “The more wounded a soldier is the farther away he will be transported”. In May, 1942 the Department of Hospitals of Irkutsk Regional Health Department reported to the deputy of Health care unit: “Regional hospitals have wounded and sick patients from central parts of Russia such as Moscow, Saratov, Gorky, Chelyabinsk, Kirov, Sverdlovsk and others”. Those patients were in need of further caring. Such condition was not very beneficiary, 46.7% of the wounded were not fit for further military service upon the discharge, they were considered disabled, the death rate among them was 0.19%. In the years 1942 - 1945 about 100000 soldiers were treated in Irkutsk hospitals, other data state the number to be 102900. The number of deaths from contusions, injuries and diseases was more than 1000. The death rate, accordingly, was 1%. Dead soldiers were buried at the several city cemeteries: Amurskoe, Maratovskoe, Sverdlovskoe, Novo-Lenino. 

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