Democratic Transition Trail in l’Hospitalet de Llobregat

l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, CT, Spain; Barcelona, CT, Spain
Est. 10.2km / 3 hrs 24 mins / Map

Democratic Transition Trail in l’Hospitalet de Llobregat - Cya On The Road

The Democratic Transition Trail in l'Hospitalet brings together some of the relevant historical events in l'Hospitalet from 1960-1980 worked on by local historiography with special emphasis on the structural confluence of various movements (neighbourhood, workers', religious, cultural and political) as builders of a "new" citizenship and in the struggle for the achievement of political, social, economic and cultural rights.IntroductionThe Democratic Transition is a political and social process for which there is no consensus on the calendar. The dates of the death of the dictator Franco on 20 November 1975, the holding of the first democratic general elections in Spain in 1977, the approval of the 1978 Constitution, which enshrined a social, democratic and constitutional state, and the 1980 elections to the Catalan Parliament are unequivocal milestones in the process. In less than a decade, they concentrated and triggered a succession of changes in the political and social life of the country. If we look at them from afar, we can understand the natural precipitation of processes that had been initiated, some timidly and others quite a few years earlier.The city of l'Hospitalet was no stranger to the process of Democratic Transition that the country underwent. Between 1960 and 1980, an anti-Francoist opposition movement crystallised in Hospitalet society, which in some respects became a model and paradigm, a model and a point of reference in other territories.The background to the Democratic Transition, before the 1960s, was characterised by strong repression of the then clandestine opposition to the regime. Among the opponents of the regime (residents of l'Hospitalet), we find politicians, trade unionists and cultural activists of republican, anarchist, libertarian and communist tradition.The keys that explain the uniqueness of l'Hospitalet in the process of the Democratic Transition can be found in the economic, demographic and, consequently, urban changes that the city underwent during this period.The structural consolidation of this social reality favoured the expansion of anti-Francoist opposition circles, always with many difficulties and individual risks due to the immobility of the regime.The Democratic Transition Trail in l'Hospitalet de LlobregatThe route is an activity limited in time, which necessarily requires an exercise in synthesis. In recent years, however, we have witnessed a proliferation of works and studies that will satisfy those most interested.The Museu del l'Hospitalet dedicates one of its three central buildings, aligned along the heritage axis of Carrer Xipreret, to democratic memory, specifically the Can Riera farmhouse (16th century).Can Riera - l'Hospitalet's memory space is a centre for interpretation, documentation, consultation and educational resources, designed to raise awareness of the historical period of the city from the Second Republic to the transition to democracy, and especially the participation of l'Hospitalet in the anti-Franco struggle.The educational resources include several workshops and urban routes that deal with the Second Republic, the Civil War and the post-war period, and with occasional visits to the period between 1960 and 1980 (especially 1970-1980), known as the Democratic Transition.

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